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Inorganic Chemistry

Inorganic Chemistry:


1.0 Classification of elements:

Periodic Table:

(1) Introduction:

(2) Proust’s Hypothesis:

(3)  Dobereiner’s Law of triads:

(4) Newland’s Law of Octaves:

(5) Lother Meyer’s Curve:

(6) Mendeleev’s Periodic Table:

(7) Modern Periodic Table:

(8) Classification of elements into s, p, d, and f Blocks;

(9) General classification of elements:

(10) Merits and Demerits of Modern Periodic table:

(11) Identification of Periods groups and block of given elements:

(12) Periodicity in Properties:

(13)Periodic Properties:

Topic Cover:

[I]Periodic In Physical Properties:

(1) Atomic density:

(2) Atomic volume:

(3) Melting and boiling Point:

(4) Valency:

(5) Screening or shielding Effect:

(6) Effective Nuclear charge (Z* or Zeff):

(6.1) Slater's Rules: (Estimating the extent of shielding):

(7) Atomic Radius:

(7.1) Covalent radius

(7.2) Metallic radius or Crystal Radius:

(7.3) Vander Waal’s radius or Collision radius:

(8) Ionization potential (Ip)/ Enthalpy:

(8.1) Penetration effect or Power

(9) Electronegativity:

[II] Periodicity in chemical properties:

[III] Periodicity in chemical reactivity:

[IV] Some Important fact about elements of periodic table.

2.0 Molecular Structure and chemical Bonding

2.1.1 Polarity in bonds and dipole moment

2.1.2 Polarityand fajan's rule:

2.2 Bent's rule of hybridisation

2.2 Drago’s rule:no need of hybridization

2.3 Back bonding-theory

2.4 Bridge bonding-multi-centered bond

(3) Hydrogen and Its Compounds

(4) S-Block elements

(5) P-Block elements

5.0 Boron family

5.1 BORON: Preparation:

5.2  Diborane-preparation

5.3  Physical properties diborane

5.4  Chemical properties of Diborane

5.5 Structure of diborane

5.6 Methylation of Diborane:

5.7 Structure of Boron nitride (Inorganic Graphite):

5.8 Structure of "Borazon" (Cubic boron nitride):

5.9 Structure of “Borazine/Borazole”/inorganic Benzene:

5.10 BORIC ACID (H3BO3) and its structural features:

5.11 Borax bead test:

5.0 Carbon family

(5-A) Silicon compounds:

Illustrative Examples:

(5-B) Carbon Allotropes and compounds:

Illustrative Examples:

(6) d-Block Elements

(7)  Metallurgy- Isolation and Purification of Elements:


7.2 Alloy and Their Composition and Uses:

7.3 List of Important Inorganic Compounds:

7.4 Leaching-Hydrometallurgy:

7.5 Pyrometallurgy:

7.5.(A) Calcination: Pyrometallurgy:

7.5.(B) Roasting: Pyrometallurgy:

7.5.(C) Smelting: Pyrometallurgy:

7.5.(D) Flux: Pyrometallurgy:

7.5.(E) Slag: Pyrometallurgy:

7.6. Extraction of Iron:

7.8. Extraction of Aluminium:

7.2 (B) Chemical refining methods:

(8) Coordination Compounds

8.3 Structure and terminology

8.4 Nomenclature of complex compounds

8.5 Type of ligands

8.6  Bonding  in complexes

8.6.1 Werner's theory

8.7 .1 Organometallic compounds

(9) Acid base concepts (Theories):

(9.1) Arrhenius acid base concept:

(9.2) Bronsted Lowery acid base concept:

(9.3) Lewis acid base concept:

(9.4) The Solvent System (Self or Auto Ionization of Solvent):

(9.5) The Lux-Flood Acids-base concept:

(9.6) The Usanovich Acid-base concept:

(10)  Oxyacids:

(10.1) Boric acid (H3BO3) and its structural features:

(10.2) Silicates (SiO4)-4: salts of silicic acids:

(10.4) Oxy-acids of Phosphorous:

(10.5) Oxy acids of Sulphur:

(10.6) Oxy acids of Chlorine:

Important Topics:

(1) What are the oxy-acids?

(2) What are "Ortho" or "Meta" oxyacids?

(3) What are "pyro" oxy acids?

(6) Prefix “Hypo-acids”, and “Per-acids”:

(11)-A: Classification of oxides on basis of oxygen content:

(11.1) Normal Oxides:

(11.2) Sesqui Oxides:

(11.3) Mixed Oxides:

(11.4) Peroxides:

(11.5) Super Oxides:

(11.6) Suboxides:

(11.7) Perovskites:

(11.8) Spinel Oxides:

(11.9) Cage like Oxide:

(11)-B: Crystal lattice Structure of Oxides:

(1) Spinel Structure: 

(2) Corundum (Al2O3) type Structure:

(3) Rutile (TiO2) type Structure:

(4) Pervoskite (ABO3) type structure:

Important topics:

(1) Write the Lewis structures of N2O, NO2 and N2O5 :

(2) Structure of phosphorous trioxide (P4O6) and phosphorous pentaoxide (P4O10) :

(3) What is the structure and structural characteristic of dichlorine heptaoxide (Cl2O7)?

(4) What is structure of SO3 (in solid state) at room temperature?

(5) What are the number of sigma bond, pi-bond and lone pair in the lewis dot structure of SO3?

(12) Inorganic reactions Mechanism:

(12.1) Hydrolysis reactions:

(12.2) Heating effect on Salts: