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Why Boric acid become strong acid in the presence of cis 1,2-diol or 1,3-diol ?

Boric acid is a weak monoprotic acid (Ka=6.4×10−10).Therefore, it cannot be directly titrated with standard strong alkali (NaOH). But by the addition of an organic poly hydroxy compound such as 1,2- or 1,3-diol, (Like Sugar, Mannitol, Catechol)  it is converted to a much stronger acid, which can be titrated using phenolphthalein. This is due to the complex formation between hydrated borate ion and either 1,2- or 1,3-diol  for example .

Ploy hydroxy (Cis-diol) increases acidity of boric acid due to formation of complex with metaborate and reaction goes to farward to produce more H+.

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