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Inorganic Chemistry

Inorganic Chemistry:


1.0 Classification of elements:

Periodic Table:

(1) Introduction:

(2) Proust’s Hypothesis:

(3) Dobereiner’s Law of triads:

(4) Newland’s Law of Octaves:

(5) Lother Meyer’s Curve:

(6) Mendeleev’s Periodic Table:

(7) Modern Periodic Table:

(8) Classification of elements into s, p, d, and f Blocks;

(9) General classification of elements:

(10) Merits and Demerits of Modern Periodic table:

(11) Identification of Periods groups and block of given elements:

(12) Periodicity in Properties:

(13)Periodic Properties:

Topic Cover:

[I]Periodic In Physical Properties:

(1) Atomic density:

(2) Atomic volume:

(3) Melting and boiling Point:

(4) Valency:

(5) Screening or shielding Effect:

(6) Effective Nuclear charge (Z* or Zeff):

(6.1) Slater's Rules: (Estimating the extent of shielding):

(7) Atomic Radius:

(7.1) Covalent radius

(7.2) Metallic radius or Crystal Radius:

(7.3) Vander Waal’s radius or Collision radius:

(8) Ionisation potential (Ip)/ Enthalpy:

(8.1) Penetration effect or Power

(9) Electronegativity:

[II] Periodicity in chemical properties:

[III] Periodicity in chemical reactivity:

[IV] Some Important fact about elements of periodic table.

2.0 Molecular Structure and chemical Bonding
2.1.1 Polarity in bonds and dipole moment
2.1.2 Polarity and fajan's rule:
2.2 Bent's rule of hybridisation
2.2 Drago’s rule:no need of hybridization
2.3 Back bonding-theory
2.4 Bridge bonding-multi-centered bond

(3) Hydrogen and Its Compounds
(4) S-Block elements

(5) P-Block elements

5.0 Boron family

5.1 Boron:
5.2 Diborane-preparation
5.3 Physical properties diborane
5.4 Chemical properties of diborane
5.5 Structure of diborane
5.6 Structure of boron nitride
5.7 Structure of borazine or borazole
5.1 Boric acid (h3bo3) :
5.1 Borax bead test:

5.0 Carbon family
Silicon, silica, silicates and silicones:
5.2 Silicones: (R2sio with -si-o-si- linkage):
5.3 Silicates ((sio4)-4 :
5.4 Structure of diamond
5.5 Structure of graphite
5.6 Structure of fullerences

(6) d-Block Elements

(7)  Metallurgy
7.2 Alloy and Their Composition and Uses:
7.3 List of Important Inorganic Compounds:
7.4 Leaching-Hydrometallurgy:
7.5 Pyrometallurgy:
7.5.(A) Calcination:Pyrometallurgy:
7.5.(B) Roasting:Pyrometallurgy:
7.5.(C) Smelting:Pyrometallurgy:
7.5.(D) Flux:Pyrometallurgy:
7.5.(E) Slag:Pyrometallurgy:
7.6. Extraction of Iron:
7.8. Extraction of Aluminium:

(8) Coordination Compounds
 Double salt or lattice salts
8.2 Coordination or complex salts
8.3 Structure and terminology
8.4 Nomenclature of complex compounds
8.5 Type of ligands
Special ligands
8.6  Bonding  in complexes
8.6.1 Werner's theory
8.6.2 Sidwick theory and EAN rule
8.6.3 Valence bond theory
8.6.4 Spectrochemical series
8.6.5 Crystal field theory
8.6.6 Crystal field stabilisation energy (CFSE)
8.7 .1 Organometallic compounds

(9) Acid base concepts (Theories):

(9.1) Arrhenius acid base concept:
(9.2) Bronsted Lowery acid base concept:
(9.3) Lewis acid base concept:

(9.4) The Solvent System (Self or Auto Ionization of Solvent):

(9.5) The Lux-Flood Acids-base concept:

(9.6) The Usanovich Acid-base concept:

(10)  Oxyacids:

(10.1) Boric acid (H3BO3) and its structural features:

(10.2) Silicates (SiO4)-4: salts of silicic acids:

(10.4) Oxy-acids of Phosphorous:

(10.5) Oxy acids of Sulphur:

(10.6) Oxy acids of Chlorine:

Important Topics:

(1) What are the oxy-acids?

(2) What are "Ortho" or "Meta" oxyacids?

(3) What are "pyro" oxy acids?

(6) Prefix “Hypo-acids”, and “Per-acids”:

(11)-A: Classification of oxides on basis of oxygen content:

(11.1) Normal Oxides:

(11.2) Sesqui Oxides:

(11.3) Mixed Oxides:

(11.4) Peroxides:

(11.5) Super Oxides:

(11.6) Suboxides:

(11.7) Perovskites:

(11.8) Spinel Oxides:

(11.9) Cage like Oxide:

(11)-B: Crystal lattice Structure of Oxides:

(1) Spinel Structure: 

(2) Corundum (Al2O3) type Structure:

(3) Rutile (TiO2) type Structure:

(4) Pervoskite (ABO3) type structure:

Important topics:

(1) Write the Lewis structures of N2O, NO2 and N2O5 :

(2) Structure of phosphorous trioxide (P4O6) and phosphorous pentaoxide (P4O10) :

(3) What is the structure and structural characteristic of dichlorine heptaoxide (Cl2O7)?

(4) What is structure of SO3 (in solid state) at room temperature?

(5) What are the number of sigma bond, pi-bond and lone pair in the lewis dot structure of SO3?

(12) Inorganic reactions Mechanism:

(12.1) Hydrolysis reactions:

(12.2) Heating effect on Salts:


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