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What is effect of heat on Borax?

When borax is strongly heated on loop of platinum wire, it loses water and form dehydrated disodium tetra borate which is swells into the white mass, which on further heating disodium tetra borate melts to form a transparent glassy solid called borax glass and borax bead.

When a solution of given salt is heated on bead , then volatile part of salt displaced by B2O3  and corresponding metaborates salt is formed which gives Characteristic colour on oxidizing and reducing flame and colour of the bead is noted in hot and cold for each type of flame. This is also called "BORAX BEAD TEST"

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