Welcome to Chem Zipper.com......: Why the extent of overlap is more in 2p-3d than 2p-3p?

Search This Blog

Saturday, December 26, 2020

Why the extent of overlap is more in 2p-3d than 2p-3p?

The order of overlapping strength of orbitals is given as:

2pπ-2pπ>2pπ-3dπ>2pπ-3pπ>3pπ-3pπ.
The strength of π-bond is directly proportional to the overlapping strength of orbitals because on greater overlapping distance between two nuclei decreases and bond strength increase hence order of π-bond also given as:

2pπ-2pπ>2pπ-3dπ>2pπ-3pπ>3pπ-3pπ.

2pπ-2pπ, π-bonding is stronger than 2pπ-3dπ, π-bonding due to the lower energy gap (n=2) between them.
The importance comparison is in between 2pπ-3dπ and 2pπ-3pπ. The overlapping strength of 2pπ-3dπ  is more than 2pπ-3pπ this is due to fact that , the 3d orbitals have two lobes which are more bent than 3p orbitals. That why overlapping strength increase.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Featured Post

Salicylic acid is a stronger acid than Benzoic acid. Why?

Salicylic acid is a stronger acid than benzoic acid. It is due to the fact that in salicylate ion (conjugate base of salicylic acid) intram...

Popular Posts