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Imidazole is more basic than pyridine? Why?


Imidazole and its derivatives form an interesting and important class of heterocyclic aromatic amines.
The basic strength of imidazole is approximately 100 times more basic than pyridine. Because protonation of imidazole yields an ion that is stabilized by the electron delocalization represented in the resonance structures given as below:
As seen in above figure the electrostatic potential map of the conjugate acid of imidazole (imidazolium ion) is consistent with the resonance description that shows both nitrogens as equivalent.
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