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Why nitrogen shows catenation properties less than phosphorus?

Catenation power of nitrogen is less because N-N bond is weaker than the single P-P bond. N-N single bond is weaker than P-P bond is due to smaller size of nitrogen atom there is stronger inter electronic repulsion between nitrogen atoms hence it form strong pπ–pπ multiple bond and become diatomic molecule.

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Trisilyl amine, N(SiH3)3 is planar whereas trimethyl amines N(CH3)3 is pyramidal. Explain why?.















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