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Why does aniline not undergo friedel crafts reaction?

 Aniline is basic due to the presence of lone pair of electron on the nitrogen atom of amine group. Where as AlCl3 is a Lewis acid which is used as catalyst in friedel craft reaction. 

Al has a empty orbital  so it accept lone pair electron from amine group hence nitrogen atom of amine acquired positive charge and ring become deactivating. Due to this reason aniline does not undergoes friedel craft reaction.

Related Questions:

  1. How is base strength related to the availabihty of the electron-pair?
  2. Amines are more basic than ammonia why?
  3. What is relative basic strength order 1° amines , 2°amines and 3° amines ? Explain:
  4. Give an explanation for the fact that Guanidine NH=C(CH3)2 is a stronger base than most of amines?
  5. Arrange in correct order of basic Character of aniline, pyrrol, pyridine and piperidine?
  6. What is correct basicity order of pyridine, pyridazine, pyrimidine and pyrazine ?
  7. Give an explanation for the fact that Guanidine NH=C(CH3)2 is a stronger base than most of amines?
  8. Arrange in correct order of basic Character of aniline, pyrrol, pyridine and piperidine?
  9. What is correct basicity order of pyridine, pyridazine, pyrimidine and pyrazine ?
  10. Why pyridine is more basic than Pyrrole?
  11. Why pyrimidine is less basic than pyridine?
  12. Imidazole is more basic than pyridine? Why?
  13. Biological Important of Imidazole and structure:
  14. Pyridine is almost 1 million times less basic than piperidine? Why?
  15. Cyclohexylamine amine is the stronger base than Aniline? Why?
  16. Tetrahydroquinoline amine is the stronger base than Tetrahydroisoquinoline? Why?
  17. Arrange the following in the order of increasing basicity : p-Toluidine, N, N-Dimethyl-p-toluidine, p-Nitroaniline, Aniline. (I.I.T.1986)
  18. Arrange the following in the increasing order of their acid strength : Methyl amine, Dimethyl amine, Aniline, N-methyl aniline (I.I.T, 1988).


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